Choosing the Optimal Segment Duration

Summary When choosing an HLS or DASH segment duration for VOD video, the nature of the server/player connection is critical. For persistent connections, a segment size of two-three seconds produces good quality and optimal system throughput. For non-persistent connections, a segment size of six seconds produces the best overall throughput. With live video, if latency…

Per-Title Encoding: It’s Everywhere!

Netflix started the per-title encode optimization revolution in December 2015, and now per-title encoding is showing up in more and more places. Why? Because it improves the quality of hard-to-encode videos, and saves bandwidth costs on easier-to-encode videos. If per-title optimization is not available in your encoder or encoding service, it’s time to start demanding…

Netflix Discusses VP9-Related Development Efforts

Once counted out, VP9 is on the rise, with support from Netflix, JW Player, Brightcove, and more. In this interview, David Ronca of Netflix talks about VP9 savings, encoding, and testing. This is an interesting time in the codec world, an inflection point where the power of an expensive standard is being challenged by a…

Book Excerpt: VBV Buffer Explained

One of the topics I’m addressing in my upcoming book is the VBR rate control model, a very complicated concept. Here’s the section in the book, which I’m making available for comments, corrections, and clarifications. I’m pretty sure the technical details about how the model works is correct, but I’m guessing the description and definition…

The Four Pillars of Video Encoding

  Figure 1. The four critical aspects to consider when encoding a file. Executive Summary: While video quality is always top of mind, consider deliverability, compatibility, and playability before finalizing your encoding presets.  Too often we look at video encoding with a single point of focus; achieving the best possible quality for the lowest possible…