Book Excerpt: VBV Buffer Explained

This article is kind of a prequel to my book, Encoding by the Numbers, which I published in 2016. That is, I published this article to get commentary from folks who read it, which I factored back into my book. Unfortunately, I changed content management systems in 2018 and lost the comments.  One of the…

The Four Pillars of Video Encoding

  Figure 1. The four critical aspects to consider when encoding a file. Executive Summary: While video quality is always top of mind, consider deliverability, compatibility, and playability before finalizing your encoding presets.  Too often we look at video encoding with a single point of focus; achieving the best possible quality for the lowest possible…

Netflix Admits to Throttling AT&T and Verizon Cellular Movies

Last week, Netflix admitted that they artificially throttle the data rate of videos transmitted over AT&T and Verizon cellular networks to limit bandwidth consumption and the associated overage charges. Netflix doesn’t throttle video streams transmitted on other cellular networks like T-Mobile and Sprint that don’t charge for overages. The story was broken by the Wall…

Editing Technique: Restoring A/V Sync in Premiere Pro

Executive Summary: A common problem with footage created using iPhones, screencam tools, Wirecast, and Skype is a loss of A/V sync when importing the video into Premiere Pro. This video tutorial presents a simple fix using Handbrake. You can read a tutorial on the Streaming Media Producer Website here.  Overview and discussion: Many sources of…

Encoding Brief: The Benefit of B-frames

Executive Summary: B-frames increase compression efficiency, particularly at lower bitrates. However, not all video encoders deliver the requested number of B-frames when encoding using default parameters. Telestream Switch is a software program that identifies B-frames in encoded streams, and computes the overall B-frame percentage. Compressionists seeking the most efficient streams should acquire Switch and test…